What Is a CBD Tincture?
A tincture is a medical solution made from dissolving cannabis in alcohol. Most cannabis tincture products usually come in a half ounce bottle along with a dropper for easy dosing. Most cannabidiol tinctures contain 10% to 25% CBD, a much stronger concentration than you’ll find in any marijuana strain (with a few exceptions).
You might be wondering, how long does a tincture take to kick in? A few drops will elevate your mood without altering your mind in 30-90 minutes.
The History Behind Liquid CBD as Medicine
Cannabis tinctures have been around for more than a hundred years. In fact, it was prominently featured in the United States Pharmacopoeia as a painkiller and sedative until 1942 when it was declared a menace to society by Reefer Madness-fueled U.S. lawmakers who feared recreational marijuana would destroy America.
But politicians aren’t entirely to blame. After all, they were simply following in the footsteps of one Mr. William Randolph Hearst, who in the 1930’s feared hemp would pose a severe threat to his paper and timber companies and waged (successfully) war on anything that had to do with the plant. Naturally, that included cannabis, which is derived from the same plant.
As an aside, hemp is stronger, more durable, fire-resistant, more flexible, and a multitude of other factors better than timber or even steel. Some would argue that hemp should have rightfully become the primary building block of America’s modern industrial society, but instead it’s still outlawed to this day.
However, by the 1980’s, interest in marijuana tinctures rekindled as scientists and pharmaceutical companies began to recognize their incredible healing properties.
Unfortunately, the first official marijuana extract prescription pill, Marinol, failed miserably—mainly because it contained only THC extracts and no CBD. Its manufacturers realized that cannabidiol played a far greater role than previously thought in releasing cannabis’ medicinal properties, especially when combined with THC.
This phenomenon — that THC combined with CBD produces a more holistic remedy — is known as the “entourage effect,” and can be observed throughout the world of medicine, in which healing agents magnify one another’s effects.
What Are CBD Tinctures Used For?
Tinctures have many medical applications and more continue to be discovered. Doctors have found CBD can fight cancer by inhibiting cell and tumor growth, cuts inflammation by as much as 50%, and reduces organ damage from a heart attack by a whopping 66%. CBD can be used treat several other diseases and conditions like:
- Autoimmune diseases
- Bowel disorders
- Crohn’s Disease
- Multiple sclerosis (MS)
- Mad cow disease
- Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
What Is a CBD Tincture Made From?
Over the past two decades, medical marijuana breeders have concentrated on growing the sticky-icky THC-rich strains most patients crave while letting CBD-specific products fall by the wayside. As a result, many of today’s marijuana strains contain less than 1% CBD, so if you want the same benefits a CBD tincture provides from a cannabis flower strain, you’ll have to smoke a whole lot of it.
Luckily there are a few CBD-rich strains that contain larger traces of CBD, and that’ve been used to make weed tinctures available at most California dispensaries. These strains include:
- Cannatonic: one of the most popular and most medicinal CBD-rich strains, it’s 6.5% CBD by weight and has a 1:1 CBD:THC ratio.
- Harlequin: with a ratio of 5:2 CBD:THC it gives you a mild sativa-dominant alertness but no real buzz.
- Sweet and Sour Widow: equal amounts of CBD and THC, the perfect introduction to new medical marijuana patients.
- Stephen Hawking Kush: offers the best of both worlds with indica-dominant cerebral effects and CBD’s stress-relieving capabilities.
- Sour Tsunami: created by marijuana activist, grower and CBD pioneer Lawrence Ringo, this high CBD tincture has redefined the parameters of medical marijuana.
- AC/DC: boasts a whopping 20:1 CBD:THC ratio for maximum pain and stress relief with just a hint of THC.
- Charlotte’s Web: a strain now famous for helping Charlotte Figi, a then 3-year old child fight her epileptic seizures.
- Lesser-known strains have tested as high as 18% and generally have a 3:2 CBD:THC ratio.
How to Administer a Tincture
Next to injection (which isn’t a common consumption method), sublingual cannabis tincture is hands down the fastest way to get the medicine into your system. Absorbed through the veins under the tongue, it enters the bloodstream by bypassing the stomach and digestive system, making it purer and more potent.
Taking it properly actually takes a few steps, so here’s how to get the most out of your CBD tincture:
- Squeeze a 2-4 cannabidiol drops under your tongue with an eyedropper according to your recommended dosage.
- Slosh it around with your tongue a few times and take several very deep breaths through your nose.
- Swallow after about 30 seconds. Despite containing very little THC, tinctures can make you very relaxed and sleepy, so don’t plan on driving or doing anything important until you understand the its full effects.
In addition to your favorite food, CBD drops can be used in any condiment, cocktail or candy you can dream up. Mix with your salad dressing for extra zest, dissolve a dash in a Hot Toddy to get through a cold winter’s night, or drizzle a few drops on ice cream to make your day at the beach more enjoyable. The combinations are practically endless.
CBD vs. THC Tinctures
Medically speaking, the basic differences are that THC acts as an analgesic (pain killer), anti-emetic (anti-vomiting), and anti-inflammatory agent, while CBD exhibits anti-psychotic, anti-seizure and anti-anxiety properties.
Best of all, CBD seems to counter the negative effects of THC. In clinical research trials CBD has proven to increase relaxation, thereby reducing the paranoia sometimes associated with large doses of THC; its effect on the lungs can counter the ill-effects of smoking; and CBD also suppresses appetite, counterbalancing the “munchies” brought on by THC.
Granted, much of what we know about CBD has yet to be confirmed by extensive medical research, since both THC and CBD remain Schedule I drugs according to federal law (you can thank our buddy Randolph Hearst for that).
SEE ALSO: THC vs. CBD: Benefits, Drawbacks, & More
Cannabis vs. Hemp Tinctures
People have long argued that tinctures extracted from marijuana plants are far superior to those of hemp plants—but that was before CBD’s significance was recognized by the medical community. With all we now know about its properties, extraction methods and cannabinoid ratios, hemp tinctures are holding their own.
Fundamentally, marijuana and hemp are both cannabis plants containing the same cannabinoids, just in different ratios and quantities. Hemp contains only negligible amounts of THC, while some marijuana has upwards of 30% THC.
Hemp CBD, on the other hand, can be just as potent as marijuana CBD when properly extracted. It does require a lot more hemp, processing and money to produce the same amount as cannabis-dervied CBD, so the former is naturally more expensive.
Currently only a handful of companies, most notably Real Scientific Hemp Oil (RHSO), manufacture it by utilizing U.S. grown hemp (as opposed to Chinese hemp) and supercritical fluid extraction methods to yield more powerful and cleaner CBD extracts.
Buyers should beware of online retailers claiming to sell & ship quality CBD products. In fact, most of these sellers produce a very mild form of hemp-derived CBD (without the crucial extraction process mentioned above), and thus are essentially selling incredibly high-priced dietary supplements with negligible (if any) benefit to the user.
How Are CBD Tinctures Made?
There are several ways to make your own CBD tincture, but almost all of them involve high-proof alcohol and/or a crock-pot, which seem like a recipe for disaster. Instead, we’d like to present our own proprietary high-quality, alcohol-free tincture recipe.
Wait, isn’t alcohol in the very basis of tincture? Yes, it’s always been the standard solvent, mainly because it’s an excellent cannabinoid extractor. However, pure alcohol like Everclear is expensive, highly flammable, and not everyone’s cup of tea.
It’s 2017, and there’s a new solvent you can, and should, use—glycerin, a common food ingredient that’s 100% safe to consume (unless you’re vaporizing it in high temperature, that’s a whole other topic of debate). You can buy it on Amazon or at Wal-Mart and won’t need more than an 8 ounce bottle.
We’ll use cold maceration (extraction) since it preserves the terpenes and the integrity of the flower. Plus, glycerin’s sweet flavor makes it the perfect additive for baked goods and other sweets; it even tastes like a kiddie treat when ingested!
Admittedly, a glycerin tincture is slightly less concentrated than the traditional alcohol-based one, but taking a slightly larger dose will get you to the same place.
Follow these simple steps to make your own tincture:
- Grind at least 1 oz your high-CBD flower shake and nugs (kief optional) as finely as possible using a blender or coffee grinder, depending on the amount.
- Put your powdered cannabis and the glycerin into a glass jar, preferably a mason, and seal tightly.
- Position the jar on a window sill, constantly exposing it to sunlight, and let it marinate for 4-5 weeks (the longer the better). Once a day shake it to stimulate the cannabinoids.
- After the given time has passed, strain the tincture through a sieve or cheesecloth to remove the extracted cannabis. Don’t use a paper coffee filter.
- Finally pour the tincture into a dropper bottle, keep it refrigerated, and you’re good to go!
While it does take a long time to make, it’ll be worth the wait as this glycerin cannabis tincture is rich in terpenes, taste, and healing power.
But what if you don’t want wait a month to try a high-quality CBD tincture?
What Are Some Popular CBD Tinctures You Can Buy?
There aren’t many cannabis CBD tinctures on the market (although more spring up seemingly every month), but here are some brands that make very powerful, effective products:
Bhutan’s Mendo CBD tinctures are derived from the Emerald Triangle’s richest CBD strains. Inside each bottle is a massive 20:1 CBD:THC mixture that’ll stop or calm almost any pain, plus give you the focus and drive needed to conquer your day. Available in original, lemon, peppermint and cinnamon flavors. Need more balance? Try their then Mendo Focus 1:1 CBD: THC tincture for a more even-keeled cannabis buzz.
The company’s 420 EMU Essentials line offers a unique tincture called Mystic Mango Medicated Elixir that infuses light, fruity taste with a mammoth 280 milligrams of CBD (2:1 CBD:THC) in an all-natural, grade A emu oil to sooth any internal or external condition. Contains no sugar, fat or gluten.
Chronic Health (a Green Halo company)
These infused Arizona elixirs come in two formulas: High CBD Glycerin Tincture and Glycerin Tincture, which has a balanced CBD:THC ratio. Both are vegetable-based and available in half-ounce (200mg) and one ounce (400mg) bottles. The only problem is the company doesn’t specify the amounts of CBD and THC in each.
Venice Cookie Company
Recognized more for their popular edibles and drinkables, this Los Angeles company also creates indica, sativa, and CBD oil and alcohol based tinctures. CBD One (250mg) is purely CBD and CBD Balance One (125mg) contains equal parts CBD to THC. Both are sugar and gluten free.
Where Can You Buy CBD Products?
Where are these CBD tinctures for sale? They’re not available in every dispensary/collective, so you’ll probably need to do some research to find them around you, or just let Nugg and our sister site, NuggMD do everything for you.
We can provide safe and secure access to a medical marijuana card (100% online) and delivery services offering CBD tinctures, hot marijuana strains, potent edibles, and high quality CBD products from a network of the top dispensaries and growers throughout California.
And when you get your doctor’s recommendation through us, you’ll receive a $20 credit on your first delivery order!
This post explores and reviews one of the most revolutionary product-manufacturers in cannabis — Mary’s Medicinals, a company that has pioneered a new form of cannabis consumption.
As you’re probably aware, there are almost as many ways to ingest medical cannabis as there are reasons for ingesting it. But you may not realize there are new cannabis products you put ON your body instead of IN your body, and these delivery methods are making the whole industry take notice.
Starting in 2013, Colorado-based Mary’s Medicinals, a company dedicated to advancing medical marijuana technology, began distributing transdermal patches and topical gel pens that are carefully dosed, beautifully packaged, and highly effective. Today, the entire line of Mary’s Medicinals cannabis products are finally available wherever marijuana is sold legally. Thanks to great cannabis delivery services like Nugg, your THC-infused patch is just a few taps or clicks away!
The best part about Mary’s revolutionary new way to administer marijuana is the head-spinning array of choices. If we’re just talking about transdermal patches (don’t worry, I’ll get to the other exciting products shortly), you can get the 2”x2” medicated patch in the following varieties:
10 mg: ●CBD or ●CBN or ●THC or ●CBD/THC
20 mg: ●THC Indica or ●THC Sativa
We put Mary’s new medicated patches to the test below, but first we’ll look at the history of the patch itself. After all, transdermal patches are nothing new. You probably know of nicotine patches used for smoking cessation, but did you realize that transdermal patches have been around since 1979, when the FDA first approved them for administering the drug scopolamine to combat motion sickness? Since then, the patch has delivered everything from birth control to vitamin B12.
In many ways, a medicated adhesive patch is the ideal way to ingest cannabis. Most importantly, it releases the cannabinoids in a constant, controlled manner. This time-release property is a perfect complement to the medicine’s analgesic effects, and it may be the most convenient way to take your medication ever – stick one and done.
Do Mary’s Medicinals Transdermal Patches Work?
In a word, yes. You will start feeling the effects about 25 minutes after you slap it on. The effects are quite subtle at first, but also very enduring – not 8 to 10 hours like Mary’s website claims, but a solid 4 to 6 hours of extended relief. The THC “high” is as potent as a double-dose cannabutter edible, but lasts longer, and the CBD pain-relieving properties are out of this world.
Mary’s most popular cannabis patches, and the only ones we tested, were the 10 mg. CBD/THC combination patches with a 1:1 ratio, and the 20 mg. THC Sativa patches. They cost about $10 apiece, less in multipacks. The most remarkable effect noticed by everyone in our diverse sample, is the analgesic effect of transdermal CBD on old, forgotten aches and pains you’ve simply accepted and learned to live with. Several of our test patients, who suffer from different ailments helped by cannabis, were surprised to experience an absence of discomfort in joints and muscles that were normally a problem, including this writer!
Both a nagging ache in my shoulder, and a lifelong knee pain simply disappeared. I had suffered for years, and gotten used to the soreness, so it was a pleasant surprise to get some relief I didn’t bargain for. These effects wear off about 4 or 5 hours after applying the patch, but you can then light up a bowl and keep the medicine flowing. Seriously, a joint or a vape pen hit are exquisite after your patch starts to wear off. The 20 mg. THC patch was designed primarily for recreational users, and it will keep you comfortably medicated for half the day. Our test of the Sativa patch proved to be the perfect focus for daytime use, more of a natural pick-me-up – Mary’s non-drowsy formula, if you will.
As expected, a few of our patients inquired about using multiple patches at the same time. According to Mary’s Medicinals’ Chief Scientist Noel Palmer, multiple patches can be applied, including mixing and matching the different types. In fact, Palmer recommends two patches for regular cannabis users or large body types. You can’t O.D. on cannabis, but applying more than two patches is downright wasteful, not to mention expensive. If you prefer uninterrupted low-dosage relief, says Palmer, feel free to cut each patch into four pieces, and apply one quarter at a time.
The patch should be applied anywhere on your body where you see veins below the skin – wrists, ankles, or the top of your foot. They are not any more uncomfortable to remove than a Band-Aid, but if that thought makes you queasy, soak the patch in warm water before removing. Remove any residual adhesive with rubbing alcohol.
Real Patient Testimonials
Ron, 65 — “This works better than any medicine I’ve tried for my fibromyalgia, and it’s also helping my chronic anxiety. It’s pretty incredible”
Steven, 38 — “CBD & THC have been known to help shrink tumors. I know that’s what happened to me. These patches saved my life.”
Kelly, 45 — “I’ve been enduring chronic neurogenic pain for many, many years. I tried some of your patches and they really worked. Better than morphine, methadone, anything.”
Try All of the Mary’s Medicinals New Products
While this proprietary line of medicinal patches is spreading quickly through the cannabis community, and putting Mary’s Medicinals on the map, the company has a number of equally revolutionary products on the market.
- Transdermal Gel Pen – The Transdermal Pen is like the patch, except you squeeze out 2 mg of either CBD, CBN, THC Sativa or THC Indica gel, which is rubbed into the skin to ease soreness and relieve pain.
- Transdermal Topical Compound – an all-natural analgesic cream containing 100 mg of active cannabinoids, including CBN and THC, which is reported to be the balm-dot-com for stiff muscles and inflammation.
- Cannabinoid Green & Protein Powder Mixes – Mary’s has found a method of encapsulating fresh plant material that retains the nutritional value and active cannabinoids, available in powder form mixed with either whey powder or greens. Maybe the perfect product for those who love combining cannabis with their exercise and workout routines?
- Elite CBD Muscle Freeze – This is Mary’s newest product, a combination of CBD and natural plant extracts for a soothing and cooling cream that eases sore muscles and provides a warm glow you’ll never get with Ben-Gay.
- CBD/CBN Capsules – Mary’s capsules are 100 percent plant-based, vegan, GMO-free, gluten-free and contain no additives or organic volatile impurities. Each container contains 30 5mg. CBD/CBN capsules that are 100% non-psychoactive, meaning they’re intended strictly for medical use and their pain relieving properties.
We did not try the gel pen (or other products for that matter, but we will), but noted that it’s a sophisticated instrument for exact dosing and includes a child-safety feature. Simply rotate the top portion of the pen clockwise to unlock the child safety mechanism, and back the other direction to lock it after dispensing. To dispense, push down on the top of the pen – the tip will dispense 2mg of gel per click – rub this into a veinous area such as your wrist.
If you’re at all curious about exploring these products in more-depth, you should definitely check out the Mary’s Medicinals website, where you can see how the founders are dedicated to natural pain-killing techniques and cutting-edge cannabis medicine. Their slogan, “For us, it’s simply black and white” is reflected in their simple philosophy and in their elegant, old-timey black and white web pages that hark back to 100 years ago.
And if you’re looking to buy any of Mary’s Medicinals products, you can do a simple (but powerful) search in Nugg to find which local dispensaries are currently able to deliver these products to you.
How do transdermal products compare to other types of cannabis medications?
It’s impossible to compare. While patches and transdermal gels are a godsend for long trips and a perfect way to time-release your medication, you may miss the sensual experience of inhaling a thick cloud of smoke, or of biting into a delicious brownie.
On the plus side, Mary’s products are delivered directly to the bloodstream avoiding first-pass metabolism by the liver and breakdown by stomach acids. This gives their products an effective dosing of approximately 10 fold over anything else on the market, according to the Mary’s Medicinals website anyways. Many of their patches contain THC which is also the primary active ingredient in cannabis. However, smoking cannabis high in THC results in a sudden “high” that wears off quickly, while Mary’s Patch is designed to deliver a slow and consistent long-term medicinal dosage. Their cannabinoid specific products, such as THCa and CBD, are non-psychotropic, so they are much less like smoking.
Their list of ingredients, as displayed on the packaging, includes carefully extracted Cannabis oil, which is cannabinoid- and terpene-enriched. A proprietary carrier compound delivers the active medicine directly to the bloodstream for maximum efficiency and bioavailability. Plus, all of their patches are made with hypoallergenic silicone backer and are latex-free.
However, a guy who claims to have helped develop the transdermal cannabis patch has been trolling (well, it depends how you see it) medical marijuana boards and offers a little shade. He says the Mary’s patch is not all-natural, and that it contains chemicals in both the patch and the adhesive. Furthermore, he reminds us that ALL transdermal patches come with risks.
Remember that our skin is a fairly effective barrier, but it’s not 100% fool-proof. It’s been protecting our innards for hundreds of thousands of years, and it will never let stuff enter your body without a fight. In order for a transdermal job to do its job, it must include an agent that relaxes the skin to let the medication seep into your bloodstream. Unfortunately, in this relaxed state, the area of skin covered by the patch also lets you take in smog and other environmental toxins intravenously.
Sounds scary, we know, but even the skeptical patch developer considers the patch and transdermal gel pen to be safe. Just be sure to clean the area with alcohol only – don’t use soap – and cover the dab of gel concentrate with a chemically-resistant material, like Teflon sheet.
And the Winner Is…
Mary’s Medicinals innovative topical and transdermal products have won many awards, including the Cannabis Business Awards 2014 Invention of the Year and Best New Product at the prestigious High Times Cannabis Cup. We couldn’t agree more – transdermal products with precise dosing and maximum effectiveness are here to stay.
You can decide for yourself, because Mary’s Medicinals products are currently on the shelves of your favorite dispensary. Or you can simply visit Getnugg.com, the GrubHub of medical marijuana delivery services, and have Mary’s convenient patches, creams and powders at your door in about an hour. Nugg delivery is now available in over 60 California cities, and provides online research and thousands of products from local cannabis dispensaries, with 24/7 customer service and no cost to you. Register below for free home delivery.
Transdermal ingestion of cannabinoids may not be everyone’s cup of tea, but in this instant-gratification world of potent concentrates and red-hot dab hits, Mary’s Medicinals’ transdermal marijuana patch is certainly a welcome relief.